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In the center of the photo is the one remaining Quarter formerly occupied by enslaved workers at Clermont. It is a log duplex, ca. 40'x20', built in 1823 with a front porch added in 1938. It is the center one of three originals which were listed in the Slave Schedule of the US Census of 1860 at Clermont and which between them housed 28 enslaved people at this middle-sized 360-acre plantation, 10 of whom were under 12 years of age.

The former row of three Quarters defined the western side of the plantation workyard, with the Smoke House (1803) on the left and a no longer existing Smithy defining the south side, and on the north side the 1777 Kitchen (not visible behind the Owner House on the photo's right). The reason one of the Quarters survived is because it remained useful. In the paid labor economy after Emancipation in 1865, the pay consisted of room, board, and a small cash wage. The farm still needed a building with a couple of rooms for single farm hands and domestic workers as part of their wages.

The rooms in one Quarter were sufficient because tenant farmer families working on shares now provided the bulk of the farm's labor. The two other Quarters in the row became disused; one burned in the 19th century and the other deteriorated and was removed. Credit: The Clermont Foundation


More about the 360-acre historic Clermont Farm, about its manager, The Clermont Foundation, and about its owner, the Virginia Department of Resources

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